Pomeranian Dog: Everything You Need to Know
Pomeranians, also known as “Poms,” are spunky little dogs with a huge personality. They’re confident, intelligent, lively and extroverted, but they can be wary of strangers and consider themselves guard dogs, even though they’re actually not.
They make great alarm dogs, so if you’re not bothered by barking, Pomeranians will be a good fit. Plus, they’re gorgeous and so cute!
These small dogs are healthy and robust, but because they’re so small, they’re prone to injuries if you don’t take good care of them. If you’re thinking of getting your own Pomeranian, here’s everything you need to know!
The original ancestors for the modern Pomeranian were larger and they were actually used as sheep herders and sled dogs in Germany. They used to weigh around 30 lbs or more, so they were much larger.
The Pomeranian was recognized bu the AKC in 1888 and today this breed is included in the “Toy Group”. They have a standard wright of 3 to 7 lbs, which is a big difference, and even though they’re not as big as they used to be, they have a huge personality.
Common Health Problems for Pomeranians
Pomeranians are robust and healthy little dogs, but you do need to be aware of common health issues such as Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), collapsed trachea, hypoglycemia and luxating patellas.
Hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar, is actually the most common even in puppies. This can cause your Pom to be weak, disoriented, lazy and even have seizures or lose consciousness. Keep Karo syrup or Nutri Cal at hand because it could save their life in an emergency.
Another common health risk of Pomeranians is that they’re prone to accidental injuries because they’re just so small. Dropping them, for example, even from low heights, rough handling them, stepping on them, all of these things can cause them hurt. This is why it’s not recommended to get this kind of breed for young children, unless you teach them how to handle their Pomeranian from an early age.
Pomeranians need food in small quantities, but often. This is because their bodies use up the food super quickly. You can feed your Pom 3 or 4 times a day, as long as it fits your schedule. Just make sure you feed them regularly, otherwise they will suffer from hypoglycemia.
They also need high-quality food that provides the nutrients they need for their small bodies. Premium puppy food formulated for small breeds is the way to go, so you won’t need to worry about them getting the nutrition they need. Also, make sure they always have access to fresh water at all times.
Pomeranians have an inquisitive nature. They’re also cocky, animated and commanding. They’re spirited, vivacious, bold, and they think quite highly of themselves. They like to be aware of their surroundings and they pay attention to every sound, sight and activity. They’re also loud and alert, which makes them a good alarm dog, but you need to make sure they socialize from early on so you don’t end up with a shrill Pom. Pomeranians are good with other pets for the most part. However, some Poms are bossy and they like to chase dogs regardless of size.
As mentioned earlier, Pomeranians are cocky, so even thought they’re bright and attentive, they won’t take orders from someone they consider as below them. That’s why you need to let them know who’s boss from early on. Don’t allow your Pom to make the rules; control their barking from day on and don’t allow them to be possessive of toys or food. And focus on training and house-breaking ASAP.
One of the most common concerns about Pomeranians is their temperament. They’re super popular, which means they’re not properly bred, which results in Poms with genetically bad temperaments. This is why you need to make sure you’re dealing with a responsible breeder and make sure to meet the puppy’s parents to gauge their temperament. If you’re adopting, make sure you test their temperament.
Another common concern is their fragility. Toy breeds are quite fragile and they need to be handled with care. They can be injured and even killed by accident, so they need supervision and it’s not a good idea to pair them with larger dogs. They’re also not a good first pet for young children.
Even though Pomeranians are friendly, they’re wary of strangers. This can be a problem for many owners. Even if you do socialize your puppy from early on, they’ll still be suspicious. Plus, they have a mind of their own, so they’re not particularly eager to please and they can be manipulative as well. Respect training is a must, so be sure to do your research.
A common concern about Pomeranians is their barking and rightfully so. They’re great alarm dogs because they react to everything, but you need to control their barking from day one unless you want to go crazy.
Housebreaking a Pomeranian is difficult. Because they’re so small, it’s easy for them to sneak around and do their business behind chairs, sofas and under small tables, and you wouldn’t even know. If you don’t see it, you can’t correct it, so the bad habit sticks. This is why crate training is a must until they have control of their internal organs.
Pomeranians are also heavy shedders and their coat requires regular brushing and combing, as well as occasional trimming. If you have allergies, Pomeranians won’t be a great choice for you. You need to be okay with shedding and regular grooming if you want to be happy with this dog breed.
Pomeranian Dogs Are a Good Choice For People Who…
Want a small, cute dog.
Can handle an attentive, bright, vivacious and spunky pet.
Want an alarm dog.
Want a pet that’s social and good with other pets.
Don’t mind regular grooming and heavy shedding.
Can handle a strong-minded dog.
Don’t care about barking.